ON THIS DAY

1995:
First Miss America Margaret Gorman Cahill dies at 90
1207:
Henry III, king of England is born
331 BC:
Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela
1944:
Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
1869:
Mahatma Gandhi is born
1789:
George Washington transmits the proposed constitutional amendments to the States for ratification
1492:
King Henry VII of England invades France
1187:
Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders
2001:
Bangladeshi classical musician Ustad Barin Majumder dies
1990:
Reunification of East and West Germany
1977:
Indira Gandhi arrested on charges of political corruption
1974:
Pele retires from soccer
1941:
Adolf Hitler says Russia is broken and shall 'never rise again'
1778:
Captain James Cook anchors at Alaska
2001:
Alema Bhasani, wife of late Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani, dies
1982:
West German parliament officially confirms Helmut Kohl as the country's new Chancellor
1974:
Bangladeshi politician Abul Hashim dies
1940:
Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps
1854:
Abraham Lincoln makes his first political speech at the Illinois State Fair
1983:
Polish politician and labour activist Lech Walesa wins Nobel Peace Prize
1983:
Bangladesh cricketer Mashrafe Bin Mortaza is born in Narail
1947:
US president Harry Truman makes the 1st presidential address televised from the White House
1833:
Charles Darwin crosses the river Parana to Santa Fe Bajada, Argentina on his Beagle voyage
1978:
Iraq declares Ayatollah Khomeini an persona non grata
1951:
Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb
1811:
French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht, Holland
1762:
British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
1963:
US president John F Kennedy signs ratification for nuclear test ban treaty
1931:
Nobel Peace Prize winner Desmond Tutu is born in South Africa
1929:
Ramsay MacDonald is first British prime minister to address US Congress
1520:
First public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain
3761 BC:
The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar)
2014:
Language veteran Abdul Matin dies
1962:
North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
1929:
Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul, Afghanistan driving out H Ghazi
1818:
Two English boxers are first to use padded gloves
1604:
Supernova "Kepler's nova" first sighted
1990:
Saddam Hussein threatens to hit Israel with a new missile
1987:
Comrade Mohammad Farhad, freedom fighter and former general secretary of Communist Party of Bangladesh (CPB), dies
1981:
Qazi Motahar Hossain, a Bangladeshi author, scientist, statistician, chess player, and journalist, dies
1967:
Argentine Marxist and physician Che Guevara executed in Bolivia
1915:
Woodrow Wilson becomes first US president to attend a World Series game
1994:
Noted Bangladeshi artist SM Sultan dies
1971:
Bangladeshi novelist, short-story writer and playwright Syed Waliullah dies in France
1954:
Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops
1936:
Bradman scores 212 in 202 mins in a cricket testimonial game
1933:
1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter & Gamble, goes on sale
2000:
Politician professor Pulin Dey dies
1942:
Hindi film actor Amitabh Bachchan born in Allahabad
1871:
Abdul Karim, known as Abdul Karim Sahitya Bisharad, born in Chittagong
1737:
Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Kolkata, India
1939:
Albert Einstein informs US president Roosevelt of possibilities of an atomic bomb
1864:
Kamini Roy, leading Bengali poet, social worker and feminist born in Bakerganj of Barisal in then undivided Bengal
1859:
Self-proclaimed emperor of USA, emperor Norton issues edict abolishing US Congress
1833:
Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
1492:
Christopher Columbus's expedition lands on Caribbean island he names San Salvador
2016:
American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan awarded Nobel prize in literature
2006:
Bangladesh's Muhammad Yunus wins Nobel Peace Prize
1960:
Opponents of Fidel Castro executed in Cuba
1924:
Makkah falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud
54:
Roman emperor Claudius dies of poison mushrooms
1964:
Martin Luther King Jr. announced winner of Nobel Peace Prize
1957:
Queen Elizabeth II becomes first Canadian monarch to open parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.
1944:
German field marshal Erwin Rommel commits suicide
1943:
Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel
1927:
British actor Roger Moore born in London
2012:
King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk dies of heart attack
1985:
DU Jagannath hall TV room roof collapse kills 39 students, guests, and employees, injures 300
1938:
Writer, social activist Abul Hussain dies of cancer in Kolkata
1842:
Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung
1815:
Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile
1956:
Poet Rudra Mohammad Shahidullah born in Barisal
1934:
Mao Zedong & 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March
1927:
German writer and Nobel laureate Günter Grass born
1905:
The Partition of Bengal takes place
1890:
Baul Lalon Shah dies in Kushtia
1957:
French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature
1933:
Albert Einstein arrives in US as refugee from Nazi Germany
1915:
Playwright Arthur Miller born in New York
1888:
Thomas A Edison files patent for the Optical Phonograph (movie camera)
1651:
Future King Charles II flees England
1979:
Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini orders mass executions to stop
1931:
American inventor Thomas Edison dies
1926:
Frankfurter Zeitung publishes Lenin's political testament
1893:
Revolutionary Surya Sen born in Chittagong
1685:
French King Louis XIV revokes edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants
2014:
National professor Salah Uddin Ahmed dies
1960:
Martin Luther King Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in
1812:
Napoleon's forces begin retreat from Moscow
1745:
English writer Jonathan Swift dies
1979:
John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston
1963:
South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela and 8 others on conspiracy charges
1935:
Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence
1871:
Bengali lyricist and singer Atul Prasad Sen born in Dhaka
1871:
English inventor Charles Babbage dies
1833:
Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana
1878:
German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"
1854:
Florence Nightingale with a staff of 38 nurses sent to Crimean War
1833:
Nobel Prizes founder Alfred Nobel born in Stockholm, Sweden
1520:
Explorer Ferdinand Magellan, his fleet reach Cape Virgenes and become the first European to sail into the Pacific Ocean
335:
Roman Emperor Constantine the Great enacts laws against Jews
1975:
English historian Arnold J Toynbee dies
1964:
French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre refuses Nobel Prize in literature
1954:
Bengali poet Jibananda Das dies
1917:
British-American actress Joan Fontaine born in Tokyo
1900:
Anti-British movement activist Ashfaqulla Khan born in Uttar Pradesh
2012:
Bengali poet, novelist Sunil Gangopadhyay dies
2005:
Bangladeshi artist Abdur Razzaque dies
1940:
Brazilian footballer Pelé born in Minas Gerais
1929:
Bengali poet Shamsur Rahman born in Dhaka
1958:
Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak wins Nobel Prize
2013:
Noted singer Manna Dey dies
1945:
Charter of United Nations comes into effect
1939:
Noted photojournalist Rashid Talukder born in Pargana, India
1775:
Last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar born in Delhi
1764:
The rule of Nawabs end in Bengal as the forces of Mir Qasim looses in Battle of Buxar
2011:
Noted photojournalist Rashid Talukder dies in Dhaka
1902:
Maxim Gorky's "The Lower Depths" premieres in Moscow
1881:
Spanish artist Pablo Picasso born in Spain
1459:
Sufi Saint, local ruler in Bagerhat Khan Jahan Ali dies
1400:
English poet Geofrey Chaucer dies in London
1947:
US first Lady Hillary Clinton born in Chicago, Illinois
1888:
Bengali poet Mohitlal Majumdar born in Kanchrapara, India
1873:
Bengali politician Sher-e-Bangla AK Fazlul Haque born in Bakerganj, Barisal
1776:
Benjamin Franklin departs for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution
1950:
Mother Teresa founds Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata, India
1998:
Helmut Kohl resigns as Chancellor of Germany after 16 years, after a landslide election defeat
1914:
English poet Dylan Thomas born in Uplands, Swansea, UK
1913:
President Woodrow Wilson says US will never attack another country
1901:
Noted Bhawaiya singer Abbasuddin born in Cooch Behar, India
1728:
British explorer James Cook born in England
1605:
Third Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar dies
2002:
Bengali litterateur Annadashankar Roy dies in Kolkata, India
1971:
Bir Shrestha Hamidur Rahman dies at Dhalai, Sylhet during a battle with the Pakistani Army
1955:
Microsoft founder Bill Gates born in Seattle, Washington
1922:
Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's govt
1900:
Indologist Max Muller dies in Oxford, UK
2004
For the first time Osama bin Laden admits direct responsibility for the 9/11 attack
1958
Soviet litterateur Boris Pasternak refuses Nobel Prize
1938
The first elected female head of state in Africa Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf born in Monrovia, Liberia
1911
US journalist Joseph Pulitzer dies
1618
English scholar, poet, historian, explorer Walter Raleigh beheaded for treason
1917
One of India's first filmmakers Hiralal Sen dies in Kolkata
1821
Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoevsky born in Moscow
1502
Vasco da Gama returns to Kolkata, India for the second time
1922
Benito Mussolini forms government in Italy
1992
Roman Catholic church reinstates Galileo Galilei after 359 years
1892
Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes
1984
Fourth prime minister of India Indira Gandhi assassinated by two bodyguards
1851
The British Indian Association established
1795
English Romantic poet John Keats born in London
1995
First all-race local government elections take place in South Africa
1993
European Union comes into existence
1963
South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem, his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu killed in a military coup
1932
former president AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury born in Comilla
1873
Playwright Dinabandhu Mitra dies
1956
Israel captures Gaza & Sheham
1936
First high-definition TV broadcast service, by BBC in London
1924
Sunday Express publishes first British crossword puzzle
1917
Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
1886
Martyred intellectual Dhirendranath Datta born in Brahmanbaria
1977
Bangladeshi scientist, educationalist Qudrat-I-Khuda dies
1975
Four national leaders – Syed Nazrul Islam, Tajuddin Ahmad, M Mansur Ali and AHM Quamruzzaman – assassinated inside the Dhaka Central Jail
1957
Soviet Russia launches world's first inhabited space capsule, Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika
1839
First Opium War between China and Britain begins
1618
Sixth, and the last effective Mughal emperor Aurangzeb born in Dahod, India
1998
Prothom Alo begins its journey
1972
Bangladesh adopts constitution
1960
Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey and Louis Leakey discover first Homo Habilis jaw fragments at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
1948
American-born British poet TS Eliot wins Nobel Prize for literature
1922
Archaeologist Howard Carter discovers tomb of Tutankhamun at Luxor, Egypt
1890
First electrified underground railway system officially opened in London
2011
Indian singer Bhupen Hazarika dies
2006
Former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein sentenced to death for massacre of 148 Shi'as in 1982
1911
Aviator CP Snow completes first transcontinental flight across America
1870
Indian politician Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das born in Kolkata
1556
Mughal emperor Akbar (14) succeeds his father Humayun
1962
UN General Assembly adopts resolution condemning South Africa for apartheid policies
1860
Abraham Lincoln elected 16th US president
1500
Astronomer Copernicus observes a lunar eclipse in Rome
1429
Henry VI crowned England king at age of eight.
1975
The chief of Bangladesh army Ziaur Rahman freed amid political upheaval
1931
Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong
1923
Brojomohun College (BM College) founder, politician, social activist Ashwini Kumar Dutt dies
1917
Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power in Russia
1492
Ensisheim meteorite strikes earth in France
2016
Donald Trump elected 45th US president
1956
Astronomer, mathematician Edmund Halley born in London
1954
Writer, journalist Mohammed Wajed Ali passes away
1939
Assassination attempt on Hitler fails at Burgerbraukeller in Munich
1847
'Dracula' author Bram Stoker born in Dublin, Ireland
1989
The Berlin Wall torn down after standing for 28 years as a symbol of the Cold War
1971
Six small ships constitute the first fleet of Bangladesh Navy
1967
The first issue of 'Rolling Stone' magazine published
1953
Cambodia gains independence from France
1904
1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes
2014
Syed Mainul Hossain, architect of the National Mausoleum, passes away
2006
Sri Lankan Tamil politician Nadarajah Raviraj assassinated in Colombo
1987
Noor Hossain killed for protesting at the autocratic rule of HM Ershad
1917
New Bolshevik govt under Lenin suspends freedom of press (temporary) during October Revolution
1793
France ends forced worship of God
1992
The Church of England votes to allow women to become priests
1987
Boris Yeltsin, Moscow Communist Party chief, removed
1975
Angola becomes independent of Portuguese colonial rule
1973
Egypt, Israel sign a cease-fire agreement
1966
NASA launches Gemini 12
2001
An American Airlines flight crashes killing all 260 on board, five on the ground.
1974
The UN General Assembly suspends South Africa for its policy of apartheid
1970
Deadliest tropical cyclone hits Bhola, killing 500,000 people
1956
Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia join the United Nations
1923
Adolf Hitler arrested in Germany after the failed Beer Hall Putsch
2001
In the first such act since World War II, US president George W. Bush signs executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts on the US
1971
Soviet Navy deploys a group of warships in the Bay of Bengal to counter the USS Enterprise
1947
The Soviet Union completes development of the AK-47
1948
Writer Humayun Ahmed born in Netrakona
1927
The Holland Tunnel between New York and New Jersey opened to traffic
1847
Bengali novelist Mir Mosharraf Hossain born in Kumarkhali, Kushtia
2008
The first G-20 economic summit opens in Washington DC
1994
The first passenger train service starts through the Channel Tunnel, linking England and France
1979
US president Jimmy Carter issues executive order to freeze all Iranian assets in the United States in response to the hostage crisis
1889
Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru born in Allahabad, India
1840
French painter Claude Monet born in Paris
2007
Cyclone Sidr hits Bangladesh, killing around 5,000 people
2000
New state of Jharkhand comes into existence in India
1980
Pope John Paul II visits West Germany, first ever papal visit to Germany
1943
Heinrich Himmler orders gypsies and part-gypsies to be sent to concentration camps
1889
Brazil becomes a republic
   
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